ADD / ADHD, Dyslexia, Science, Visual

Whilst many children with dyslexia or ADD / ADHD have good eye sight according to standard visual acuity tests, there is some evidence to suggest that other aspects of vision which do not get routinely tested may have problems. This includes the visual field or how good you are at seeing things which are in your peripheral vision. If you wish to try out your field of vision, try out this visual field tester.

Background information on visual processing.
Statement from the American Academy of Optometry and the American Optometric Association relating to dyslexia.
Parent’s Checklist from the Optometrists Network for parents investigating possible causes for their child’s problems with Attention Deficit Disorder (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder), attention span, hyperactivity, behavior, learning and/or reading.

ADD / ADHD, Dyslexia, Franchised Dyslexia Treatments

Primary Movement is a charitable organisation based in Northern Ireland. It does not treat children directly but instead provides training courses for teachers who can then go on to provide help for others. The Primary Movement program is based on the concept of retain primary reflexes (also known as primitive reflexes) being a significant factor in dyslexia, ADHD and other learning difficulties. Founded by Dr Martin McPhillips, a research fellow at Queen’s University, Belfast, who has published a paper in The Lancet on the effectiveness of replicating primary-reflex movements.
The web site provides details of their courses and of practitioners in the UK, Ireland and around the world who has been on the course.

ADD / ADHD, Books, Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Food and Drink, Science

The LCP Solution: The Remarkable Nutritional Treatment For ADHD, Dyslexia and Dyspraxia

Dr Jacqueline Stordy, Malcolm Nicholl

To quote the back cover: “[This book] presents a major breakthrough in the treatment of … ADHD, dyslexia and dyspraxia”. And it does just that, presenting a clear case for the importance of Long Chain Polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPs) in brain development and the critical role they have with learning problems such as dyslexia.

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ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication

Medco Health Solutions Inc. have a press release on their report detailing the increase in spending on behavioral and other drugs prescribed to young childen.

Key findings are:

Prescription drug spending for behavioral conditions rose 77 percent between 2000 and 2003 due to both increased costs and increased use of these medications.

In 2003, spending on behavioral medications to treat children overtook both the antibiotic and asthma categories, which are traditionally high-use categories in pediatric medicine.

The number of children on behavioral medications has jumped more than 20 percent between 2000 and 2003, outpaced only by the increase of children on drugs to treat gastrointestinal conditions, which increased by nearly 28 percent.

Among the largest increases were medications primarily used to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) — where spending increased by 183 percent for children overall, and by 369 percent increase for children under age 5. Utilization in preschoolers was up 49 percent from 2000 to 2003.

Spending on antidepressants for children grew 25 percent, while use of these drugs rose 27 percent between 2000 and 2003. A review of 2004 data shows that of the children on at least one prescription medication in the first quarter of this year, the number of children using antidepressants increased by 15 percent over the first three months of 2003.

The number of children on medications to treat severe behavioral conditions related to autism and conduct disorders increased by more than 60 percent from 2000 to 2003, while spending on these drugs rose 142 percent in the pediatric group. Among children ages 5 through 9, utilization was up 85 percent, while spending in this category grew 174 percent.

Although children continue to predominantly use antibiotics, allergy and asthma drugs, the rate of increase in utilization and cost for these categories has been more moderate over the past four years than for behavioral medications; antibiotics showed no change in utilization and a 24 percent increase in spending; the use of allergy treatments increased 3 percent, while spending decreased by 7 percent; and asthma medications showed a 12 percent increase in utilization and a 24 percent rise in costs.

One other interesting snippet:

Surprisingly, the average unit cost per child per day is more than 60 percent higher than that of seniors. Although children take fewer medications than seniors, medications used by children have the highest average cost — $2.12 per day for children versus $1.29 per day for seniors.