ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, ADD / ADHD Treatment, Medication

What you need to know about ADHD Medications – their effects, costs, side effects and alternatives

What ADHD Medications are Available?

There are three main ADHD Medications: Ritalin (the original ADHD medication), Adderall and Concerta. Each has its own advantages. Ritalin is the oldest, the simplest chemical formulation, and the cheapest because it can be purchased as a generic medicine. Made up of methylphenidate, it is taken two or three times a day. Having been used since the 1960s as medication for ADHD its effectiveness is well documented.

Concerta like Ritalin uses methylphenidate as its active ingredient. Unlike Ritalin and other ADHD medications at the time, it was specially designed to provide a steady stream of medication through-out the day. Allowing parents to give their child one tablet in the morning before school and the medication will be effective all through the school day and into the evening. Concerta does this by placing the medication in a very cleverly design tablet which includes a laser drilled hole that allows the methylphenidate to slowly seep out.

Adderall is unlike the other ADHD medications because it uses a mix of different forms of stimulants. In theory this gives a smoother trip up to and down from the medication’s peak effectiveness. This avoids sudden peaks and troughs in the child’s attention span and energy levels. Adderall XR is a variant on standard Adderall designed to give a whole day’s supply in a single tablet, similar to the Concerta tablet.

With the introduction of Concerta and then Adderall XR, most users of ADHD medications switched to extended release formulas. To combat this loss of sales, Ritalin introduced two versions, Ritalin LA and Ritalin SR. For more information see Adderall XR and Slow Release ADHD Medications.

What Effect do ADHD Medications Have?

ADHD medications are stimulants and have a similar effect to caffeine, nicotine and street drugs such as cocaine and speed. They stimulate the activity of central nervous system which increases energy levels and helps maintain concentration. How exactly this helps with ADHD is unknown. On the patient information sheets of the ADHD medications you will find the drug companies explicitly saying they do not know how their drugs work.

Current ADHD medications treat the symptoms of ADHD and not the underlying causes. When testing the drugs, patients were measured by teachers and parents on various behaviour scales. Typically these reported increases in concentration, a reduction in hyperactivity and a general improvement in behavior. For a parent’s first hand account on the effects of medication see this video: Lil’ Renetto… talking about ADHD… and making videos….

Side-Effects of ADHD Medication

No medicine is free of side effect and ADHD medications are no different. As they are stimulants their effects are very similar to drinking too much coffee. The most the common side effect is insomnia with loss of appetite and stomach upsets being close seconds. About 20 – 30% of mediation users will have one or more side effects. These are very minor but can cause further problems and lead to the use of sleeping tablets or appetite enhancers to combat the effects of the ADHD medication.

Unfortunately there are more serious side effects. A lot less is known about these because the drug companies do not run long term trials prior to their ADHD medication getting approval from the FDA. The longest trial run by a drug company is four weeks. This is for a tablet that is routinely used for months and years at a time.

Others have researched the long term impact of ADHD medications and found some worrying effects. Up to 9% of users over a 27 month period developed facial tics. Children with who took the medications for more then 12 months were found to grow 2cm less than their non-drug using peers. There is also concern that the constant stimulation of the central nervous system will train or acclimatize it high levels of stimulation. This may impact in adulthood and result in great use of illegal drug such as cocaine and other high risk behavior.

For more infromation on ADHD medication side effects, see: Adderall Side Effects; Concerta Side Effects; Ritalin Side Effects; and Ritalin and Cocaine Addiction.

The Cost of ADHD Medications

If your insurance or health care system doesn’t cover you for the price of your ADHD medications, treatment can get very expensive. For a month’s supply, the price of the drugs range from $26 for a generic versions of Ritalin up to $150 for Concerta and Adderal XR. The prices of the timed release versions of the drugs (Adderall XR, Ritalin LA or Ritalin-SR) are about twice the price of the normal versions. The reason for this is simple. The standard versions can be made by generic drug companies because the patents have run out. Where as the timed released version have several more years to run on the patent and so the drug companies can charge what they like for them.

When considering ADHD medication, its worth remembering this is a not a simple course of antibiotics. These a drugs that will be taken for months, if not years, because when you stop taking them the symptoms will return. Consequently the costs will added up, month after month, year after year.

If you are tempted by offers of cheap ADHD medication from online or foreign pharmacies then read this: Want No Prescription Adderall? – Read This Now!.

Alternatives to ADHD Medications

If you are not keen on everyday, giving your child a drug that can have serious short and long term side effects but doesn’t actually treat the problem then you need to consider the alternatives to ADHD medication. There are two problems with the alternatives to medication. Firstly, unlike the drug companies, the alternatives do not have hundreds of millions of dollars to spend marketing their products. Secondly, the alternatives take many months to have an effect. ADHD medication have an effect on the symptoms almost instantly. Tackling the underlying cause takes a lot longer.

Probably the best known and most widely available treatment is the Dore Programme of cerebellum exercises. These simple exercise are done everyday for a year or more and train up specific parts of the brain related to coordination, movement and self-control. It is an approach that has many critics but also many customers who have found them to work.

Another movement based approach is Interactive Metronome. This teaches the child a sense of rhythm, timing and control. There has been some very good research on how effective this can be as an alternative to ADHD medications.

A third movement based approach to ADHD is INPP’s primitive reflex training. Similar to Dore in some ways, this approach focuses on primitive reflexes that in normal children develop before they are 18 months. The INPP hypothesis is that in children with ADHD the reflexes are retained or not fully developed. Two books related to this are Stopping ADHD and Infinity Walk.

There are various herbal remedies that claim to be alternatives to ADHD medications. The science behind these is very weak but some people claim they work. See ADHD Natural Remedies Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3. Omega 3 fish oil supplements have also been promoted as an ADHD treatment. See ADHD and Omega Fish Oils for more information.

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, ADD / ADHD Treatment, Medication

Are expensive slow release medications like Concerta or Adderall XR better than traditional and cheaper stimulants?

Adderall XR and the Patent Problem

One of the problems for manufacturers of ADHD Medication such as Ritalin and Adderall is that anyone can make them. The stimulants used in them where discover 50 or more years ago and any patents on them ran out long ago. Generic version of Ritalin are very cheap to make which is why you can buy a month’s supply for about $26.

So how do the manufacturers make lots of money from an ADHD medication that anyone make? Simple, formulate it in a new way and patent the new technology. This is what Shire Pharmaceuticals did with Adderall XR and Novartis did with Ritalin LA and Ritalin-SR. These time release tablets cost two or three times as much as their generic equivalent.

What’s Different about Adderall XR?

Compared to the standard Adderall, Adderal XR contains a different mixture of stimulants that are processed at different speeds by the body. This gives Adderall XR, in theory, a longer lasting effect with a smoother trip to and from its peak effect. In addition Adderall XR contains is medication in two beads. These dissolve in the stomach at different rates, one almost immediately and the other after four hours. This allows the drug to have an effect for up to 12 hours.

With Ritalin, Novartis took a different track to Shire and Adderal XR. In addition to the standard Ritalin tablets they introduced Ritalin-SR (slow release) and Ritalin LA (long acting). The SR version is a just a normal Ritalin tablet that disolves more slowly in the stomach where as Ritalin LA is a capulet containing tiny beads of medication. These beads dissolve at different rates giving a more even release of the drug. With the Ritalin LA capulet you can sprinkle the contents on food if the child cannot swallow the pill. This may be an advantage over Adderall XR or Concerta which cannot be broken before being swallowed.

Both the Ritalin-SR and Ritalin LA have the same active ingredient, methylphenidate, as regular Ritalin tablets. The prescribed dose of the Ritalin-SR/LA should be equivalent to the total daily dose of standard Ritalin. The effect of the long acting and slow release is about eight hours compared to the 12 hours claimed for Adderall XR and Concerta.

Is Adderall XR Better Than Standard Adderall?

Standard Adderall tablets are known as instant release tablets as they are designed to take effect as quickly as possible. Whilst this is useful in situations when a quick impact is needed it does mean that additional doses will be required after a few hours. The big advantage of the slow release medication such as Adderall XR and Concerta is that they last up to twelve hours. This allows a child to be medicated before the start of the school day and for the medication to still be effective by the time child returns home at the end of the day. This avoids giving the child or the school nurse additional tablets to take at lunch time, reducing the risk of the child missing or abusing their medication.

The other main selling point of Adderall XR and the other tablets is its smoother trip to and from its peak effectiveness. Stimulants that quickly achieve full effectiveness and then quickly drop off have a higher risk of abuse and addiction. Cocaine is a classic example of the quick high and quick fall. The different formulations of the drugs, compared to instant release tablets, mean that Adderall XR is harder to misuse as they are less suitable to crushing and snorting or smoking.

Does Adderall XR Do What it Claims?

Simply put, yes. Adderall XR is just as effective in treating ADHD as standard Adderall tablets and it does remain effective for up to 12 hours. This appears to be true of other extended release medications. However this must be treated with caution. Most of the research has been done by the pharmaceutical companies themselves and was scored using subjective criteria. Whether your child should use Adderall XR compared to normal Adderall or one of the other time release medications is something you and your doctor need to discuss.

Sources:
Analog Classroom Assessment of a Once-Daily Mixed Amphetamine Formulation, SLI381 (ADDERALL XR), in Children With ADHD.
Long-Term Tolerability and Effectiveness of Once-Daily Mixed Amphetamine Salts (Adderall XR) in Children With ADHD.

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, ADD / ADHD Treatment, Medication

No Prescription Adderall! Buy Ritalin Online! Concerta Without Prescription! Websites and spam email are all trying to sell you cheaper, easy access to drugs. Are they safe? Are the legal? Are they cheaper?

No Prescription Adderall!

In the US, Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta are Schedule II controlled drugs. The sale of these ADHD medications is strictly regulated by the Drug Enforcement Agency. In short it is illegal to buy Ritalin, Concerta or Adderall without a prescription. It is also illegal to buy online without a prescription from foreign pharmacies as you are then importing illegal drugs.

The situation is the same in the UK where these medications are counted as Class B drugs. ADHD medication such as Adderall, Concerta and Ritalin are heavy duty stimulants and have a long history of illegal use and abuse. Governments tend to frown on easy access to such powerful drugs so whatever country you are in, offers such as ‘No Prescription Adderall’ are going to be illegal.

Buy Adderall Online!

If you have an Adderall prescription, can you legally buy online?

Maybe is the most honest answer. The regulation of drugs is carried out by large and slow moving government agencies. These bodies are not best suited for dealing with the fast moving world of the global internet and most of the relevant laws were drawn up before the internet was created. So it may be legal to buy Adderall online (with a prescription) depending where you are. However buying from a foreign country, whether you have a prescription or no prescription, Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta will be illegal. Police, customs and the post office get very upset when you import controlled drugs through the post.

In the US it is legal to buy medication online if you have a prescription and the pharmacy you are buying from is in the US and is properly licensed. When it comes to schedule II ADHD medication such as Adderall, the DEA say:

Is it Possible for my Internet Pharmacy to Fill Prescriptions for Schedule II Substances?
You may fill valid prescriptions for Schedule II substances if the patient or prescriber provides you with the signed original prescriptions prior to dispensing. Practically, it is unlikely that most patients will want to wait the time required for such a transaction.

The key words in this are ‘signed original prescriptions’. Faxing a copy of your prescription is not enouigh to buy Adderall online.

Cheap Adderall Online!

You have a prescription for Adderall and you want to buy from an online pharmacy in the US. Is it any cheaper than your local store? According to the Consumers Union, the price for a month’s supply of Adderall XR (10mg) is $144 and $130 for Concerta (18mg). Prices from September 2006.

Seaching Google for ‘Buy Adderall Online’ I quickly found Meds For Cost who are selling Adderall XR (10mg) for $109.88. It can be had for $105.80 from Trusted Online Pharmacy or for $52.80 if join their site as a member ($25 a month). After ten minutes more of searching I could not find any other sites actually claiming to sell Adderall or Concerta online.

No Prescription Adderall – A Myth

If you are looking to buy no prescription Adderall online then don’t bother. Any legitimate pharmacy in the US will require you to send an original prescription before they can supply the medication. Even if you have an Adderall prescription, this is simply too much work for the customer and the company to make it worth while.

If you are tempted to buy online from foreign companies then think twice. For starters, you will be breaking serious laws by attempting to import them into your country. Secondly, Adderall, Concerta and Ritalin are powerful and dangerous drugs. Do you really trust a company that will sell you strong medications such as Adderall with no prescription? If a company is willing to behave that irresponsibly, they are willing to do anything. Including sending you fake pills made with god-knows-what. Caveat emptor

Sources:
Buying medicines over the Internet
Class A, B and C drugs
ADHD Medication: Best Buys
Consumer Report ADHD Drug Prices
National Association of Boards of Pharmacy
US Customs – Importing Drugs

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, ADD / ADHD Treatment, Medication

What side effects does Concerta have?

Short Term Concerta Side Effects

The information on Concerta’s side effects come from the clinical trails undertaken during the approval process for its use an ADHD medication. It was tested on over 2100 people, some of whom were healthy adults but most were patients diagnosed with ADHD.

In a four week trial of children, the following Concerta side effect were reported. The percentages indicate the number of patients reporting side effects whilst on Concerta and those reporting side effects whilst (unknowingly) on a placebo.
Headache 14% / 10%
Abdominal pain (stomachache) 7% / 1%
Vomiting 4% / 3%
Anorexia (loss of appetite) 4% / 0%
Nervous Dizziness 2% / 0%
Insomnia 4% / 1%
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection 8% / 5%
Cough Increased 4% / 2%
Pharyngitis 4% / 3%
Sinusitis 3% / 0%

Trials on adolescents found a very similar level of Concerta side effects to the trials on children. One notably difference is that a notably increase in accident injury occurring when on medication compared to the placebo ( 6% to 3% ). This may indicate that heightened energy levels and improved concentration may cause adolescents to take part in new, higher risk activities.

Long Term Side Effects of Concerta

Unlike comparable drugs such as Ritalin or Adderall there is useful information on the long term side effects of Concerta. In two trails (one involving just children and the second a mixture of children, adolescents and adults) 6.7% of the patients discontinued using the drug because of side effects with insomnia being the leading cause.

One of the Concerta side effects reported in long term studies was facial tics. After an average of 7 months of treatment one study of 682 children found that 1% of patients developed facial tics. In a second study lasting 27 months, 9% of patients had developed tics.

In common with other stimulant medication there is a danger of patient’s abusing the drug. Patients with a history of drug or alcohol should not be prescribed Concerta. There has also been concerns that long-term use of ADHD medication in childhood may make patients more liable to legal and illegal stimulant use in adulthood.

Sources:
Concerta Product Information [ PDF ]

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, Medication

Ritalin may be a wonder drug to some but what are the side effects of Ritalin?

Side Effects

Because of its long history as an ADHD medication Ritalin has not gone through the same testing and approving process required by more modern drugs such as Adderall and Concerta. Unlike those drugs, a detailed breakdown of Ritalin’s side effects is not included in the labeling information. However as Ritalin is the poster-child of the ADHD medication debate it has been widely studied.

A four week study into Ritalin’s side effects in children compared to a placebo treatment found that insomnia, appetite disturbance, stomachaches, headaches and dizziness all significantly increased when using the drug.

Another study looking and the side effects of Ritalin and Dexedrine found that the ‘side effects’ reported for the medication were more frequent and more severe before the use of Ritalin started. Only in appetite problems were the Ritalin side effects worse than those reported before the medication started.

Some mental health problems can arise as a side effect of Ritalin. Hallucinations, delusional thinking, or mania in children and adolescents without a prior history of psychotic illness or mania can be caused by Ritalin at its usual doses. In short-term trials 0.1% of patients reported mental health problems compared to 0% of patients receiving a placebo.

Contraindications

Contraindications are signs or symptoms that medication should not be prescribed or taken rather than specific Ritalin side effects. The most worrying of these is the potential fatal effect it can have on patients with structural heart problems. It is not clear if or how Ritalin effects these problems but there have been a handful of cases where Ritalin users with heart defects have died suddenly.

In common with most stimulants Ritalin should not be taken by patients with motor tics or with a family history or diagnosis of Tourette’s syndrome. A side effect of Ritalin is to aggravate those symptoms.

Long Term Ritalin Side Effects

Does Ritalin have any long term side effect? We don’t know. Despite Ritalin being prescribed to patients for months or years at a time. The manufacturers have never run any long-term studies to establish Ritalin’s effectiveness or safety. However some evidence of Ritalin side effects over the extended usage has been found.

One area that has been a studied is whether stunted growth is a Ritalin side effect. On average, a total of about 2 cm less growth in height and 2.7 kg less growth in weight over 3 years. It is recommend that children taking Ritalin have their height and weight monitored.

There is also concern that long-term use of stimulants can lead to drug dependence. This is not a specific Ritalin side effect but a problem that effects all stimulant medications. Care should be given when prescribing Ritalin to people with a history of drug or alcohol abuse. There is some evidence that suggests that extend Ritalin use can lead to problems with cocaine use in later life.

Sources:

Placebo-Controlled Evaluation of Ritalin Side Effects

Side Effects of Methylphenidate and Dexamphetamine in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Double-blind, Crossover Trial

FDA Labeling Information

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, ADD / ADHD Treatment, Medication

When it comes to ADHD medication, Ritalin is the grand-daddy of them all. Ritalin is the brand name for methylphenidate, first developed in the early 1950s by Ciba (now known as Novartis). It was used at first to treat depression and chronic fatigue but by the early 1960s it was being used to treat what was then called Minimal Brain Dysfunction or Hyperkinetic Disorder of Childhood. What we now call ADD or ADHD.

Ritalin has become the poster-child for the debate over childhood behavioral problems and whether they should be treated with medication. Web sites such as Ritalin Death and Novartis’ own site ADHD Info represent the two extremes of the debate. Part of the reason for this split over Ritalin is the rapid increase of prescriptions for methylphenidate (Concerta is also a methlphenidate) in the early 1990s. On study found a ten fold increase in perscribtions between 1990 and 1996.

Part of this rapid increase in Ritalin usage may be attributed to CHADD, an advocacy and support group for ADD / ADHD sufferers. It is the largest ADHD organisation and in the mid-1990s started campaigning the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) for Ritalin to moved from a Schedule II drug to a Schedule III drug. This would mean that it is easier to get repeat prescriptions and there would be less monitoring of its usage. CHADD was supported by supported by distinguished medical bodies, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Psychological Association, and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

However it then came out that CHADD had received approaching $1 million from the makers of Ritalin over five years and that this had not been properly disclosed. The DEA’s repsonse to this was damming: “methylphenidate is routinely portrayed as a benign, mild stimulant that is not associated with abuse or serious effects. In reality, however, there is an abundance of scientific literature which indicates that methylphenidate shares the same abuse potential as other Schedule II stimulants.” CHADD failed to get Ritalin and other methylphenidate tablets reclassified.

Ritalin and other generic methylphenidate tablets come in 5, 10 and 20mg doses. The usual starting dose is 5mg, twice a day but the prescribed dosage is likely to rapid increase. The average dose is 20 – 30mg a day but doses as high as 60mg a day are not unusual.

As with all methylphenidate ADHD treatments, it is not known how Ritalin effects the ADHD symptoms. To quote the Ritalin label information: “There is neither specific evidence which clearly establishes the mechanism whereby Ritalin produces its mental and behavioral effects in children, nor conclusive evidence regarding how these effects relate to the condition of the central nervous system.”

Because Ritalin was first approved before modern, double blind placebo trials were required by the FDA, the makers have never had to publish any results of Ritalin’s effectiveness. The drugs safety for short-term usage has been well established by its years of use however no long-term trials have been conducted.

Recently the FDA amend the patient information on Ritalin to include more warnings on it. Warnings on sudden death from cardiac failure and psychiatric problems such as Bipolar have been incorporated. There is also concern over long-term suppression of growth in children using Ritalin. Children taking Ritalin everyday for a year exhibited 2cm less growth than their unmedicated counterparts. The drug has not been tested on children six or younger and the manufacturers specifically warn against prescribing Ritalin to very young children. However reports suggest that Ritalin is being given by doctors to these very young children, including a child just 15 months old.

Ritalin Ingredients: D&C Yellow No. 10 (5-mg and 20-mg tablets), FD&C Green No. 3 (10-mg tablets), lactose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, starch (5-mg and
10-mg tablets), sucrose, talc, and tragacanth (20-mg tablets).
Generic equivalents of Ritalin may contain different ingredients.

Sources:
Prescription of methylphenidate to children and youth, 1990–1996
Ritalin Patient Information Sheet [ PDF ]
NHS go-ahead for hyperactivity drug

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, Medication

Concerta is one of the big name Methylphenidate stimulants used to treat ADHD. The main difference between Ritalin and Concerta is that Concerta is a timed-release formula that is designed to give out a steady supply of stimulant through-out the day. It was first introduced in 2000 and since become major seller with Johnson & Johnson reporting sales $0.9 billion. A rise of 20% over 2005.

The original patent for Concerta expired in 2004 but the FDA have not approved any generic substitute drugs yet. To extract as much money as possible from Concerta, Johnson & Johnson have taken out two other patents on Concerta relating to its slow release mechanism. This has resulted in legal action against Andrx who are trying to produce a generic version.

Concerta tablets come in four strengths containig 18, 27, 36, or
54 mg of methylphenidate. One tablet should be taken daily and the company claims it provides effective treatment for 12 hours. The tablet has an outer coating of methylphenidate that dissolves within an hour of swallowing providing an immediate dose.

Over the next few hours, liquid from the stomach seeps into the tablet through a semi-permeable coating causing a reaction that forces the medication out of the Concerta tablet through a tiny laser drilled hole in the tablet. After six hours the rate of release increases to counteract the diminishing effect of the initial outer coating. The FDA found that Concerta in the blood stream increases rapidly reaching an initial maximum at about 1 hour, followed by gradual ascending concentrations over the next 5 to 9 hours after which a gradual decrease begins. Average times to reach peak effect across all doses of Concerta occurs between 6 to 10 hours.

The biologically inert components of the Concerta tablet remain intact during gastrointestinal transit and are eliminated in the stool as a tablet shell along with insoluble core components. It is possible that Concerta tablets may be visible on abdominal x-rays under certain circumstances, especially when digital enhancing techniques are utilized. The methylphenidate is most passed out of the body in urine.

In patients, there were no difference in the performance of Concerta when administered after a high fat breakfast. There is no evidence of the effectiveness of Concerta being effected by the presence or absence of food.

Concerta approval by the FDA is based on four double blind, active and placebo controlled studies. Three of the studies were on a total of 416 children aged 6 to 12 and each study lasted only a few weeks. The effectiveness of Concerta was measured by the teachers assessing the children’s behaviour for inattention or overactivity. The result showed a statistically significant reduction in symptoms, about 30-40%. However the value of such subjective measures is debatable and it is only with access to the full data set from the studies can you get an accurate understanding of Concerta’s impact.
One trial on teenagers taking Concerta was run, involving 177 adolescents between 13 and 18. Over a four week trial, Concerta led to a reduced score on an ADHD rating scale compared to a placebo.

No trials were run using Concerta on adults or on its effectiveness when used for more than 4 week. The FDA recommend that doctors prescribing Concerta for extended period regularly be reassessed to ensure the drug remain effective and safe.

What Concerta actual does to alleviate ADHD symptoms is in unknown. Methylphenidate is thought to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into the extraneuronal space. But it has not been proven that this is linked to the changes of ADHD symptoms reported by uses of Concerta.

The contrainciations of Concerta are numerous. Particularly patients with marked anxiety, tension, agitation, glaucoma and tics may find their symptoms increase whilst on Concerta. Patients who are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (antidepressants) should discontinue their treatment and leave a 14 day gap before taking Concerta. Because of the indigestible nature of the tablet, Concerta should not be used by people with gastrointestinal problems. Adverse reaction to Concerta include insomnia, twitching, nervousness, emotional lability, abdominal pain, and anorexia.

In addition to the active ingredient, methylphenidate, Concerta contain also contains the following ingredients: butylated hydroxytoluene, carnauba wax, cellulose acetate, hypromellose, lactose, phosphoric acid, poloxamer, polyethylene glycol, polyethylene oxides, povidone, propylene glycol, sodium chloride, stearic acid, succinic acid,
synthetic iron oxides, titanium dioxide, and triacetin.

Sources:
Concerta Patents
Johnson & Johnson 2006 Annual Report [ PDF ]
FDA Concerta Product Information [ PDF ]

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Medication, ADD / ADHD Treatment, Medication

The Bonker’s Institute highlights the shallow, money driven way big pharmaceutical companies ‘educate’ the public through advertising. They have a nice take on ADHD in their Science Made Simple articles.

By taking genuine copy from Novartis, Eli Lilly, McNeil and other drug companies’ adverts the Bonkers Institute show in ADHD Made Simple how vacuous their sales pitches are. This is all nicely offset by the inclusion of details of the drugs side effects.

ADD / ADHD, ADD / ADHD Diagnosis, ADD / ADHD Medication, ADD / ADHD Treatment, Auditory, Autism, Autism and Mercury, Autism Tests & Diagnosis, Autism Treatment, Balance & Coordination, Books, Commercial Dyslexia Centres & Treatments, Dore Achievement Centres, Dyscalculia, Dyslexia, Dyslexia Testing & Diagnosis, Dyslexia Treatment, Dyspraxia, Food and Drink, Franchised Dyslexia Treatments, Games, History, Medication, Memory, Music, Science, Sports, Television, Visual, Web/Tech

Over the last few weeks this website has been attracting comments from various members and ex-members of staff of the Dore Achievement Centres. This has come to the attention of the CEO of UK branch, Bob Clarke, who has posted comments on Myomancy and also to Wynford Dore himself who has phoned me. Conversations with Wynford are always enjoyable but challenging because Wynford believes so passionately about what he does. So when Myomancy runs a negative story about the Dore Program he tends to forget all the places on Myomancy where I’ve said the Dore Program works and that it changes lives.

In light of all this I thought it wise to make a clear statement to all my readers about why I devote a considerable amount of time and money to running Myomancy.

  • The goal of Myomancy is to provide independent information on treatments for dyslexia, ADHD and autism so that parents and sufferers can make an informed choice about what is the best approach for them.
  • Myomancy is a blog, a personal web site. It represents my views and my views alone on all things connected with ADHD, dyslexia and Autism.
  • These views are researched and expressed on Myomancy to the best of my abilities but I am not a scientist, teacher or a professional writer. I am just someone who’s life was changed by the Dore Program and felt a need to express myself.
  • I believe in free speech which is why I allow anyone to post comments on the articles regardless of whether they are for or against my views. Only post that are illegal or purely offensive are removed.
  • Myomancy generates a small amount of income for advertising. I would like it to be more so that I can afford to spend more time on Myomancy. It is up to the reader to decide what, if any, impact that has on the independence of Myomancy.

With reference to the above I have removed one comment from the website that is highly critical of the Dore Program and, based on additional evidence I have at my disposal, is completely false.

Medication, Science

In the nine years from 1993 to 2002, the number of prescriptions to children for anti-psychotic drugs increased from 210,000 to 1,224,000. Most of these 2nd generation drugs have not been approved for use on children are being used not to treat psychosis but for disruptive behavior disorders (37.8%), mood disorders (31.8%) and pervasive developmental disorders or mental retardation (17.3%). Only 14.2% were for psychotic disorders.

Medical professionals often criticise non-drug based, alternative treatments for their lack of scientific evidence and overreaching claims. Yet here are the same doctors prescribing unproved drugs to children for problems they were never designed to treat. Is it any wonder that parents are losing their faith in scientists, panicking at scare stories like MMR & Autism and turning to treatments of dubious benefit and safety such as chelation.

Abstract: National Trends in the Outpatient Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Antipsychotic Drugs

See Also: More antipsychotics being prescribed for children