The most interesting study covered in Dyslexia and the Cerebellum: The Missing Evidence has an interesting connection to other studies covered on Myomancy.
Premature babies often have learning difficulties in later life. Quite often, the more premature the baby, the worse these are. This has been linked to the babies having an underdeveloped cerebellum. In the post Cerebellum More Than Just a Motor we reported that a baby who had a poorly developed right cerebellum would also have a poorly developed left cerebrum (i.e. the thinking, frontal part of the brain). The study on speech and the cerebellum found that right cerebellum was tightly linked to the left, frontal lobes. It is not hard to imagine that if one half of this speech system is damaged, then the other half fails to develop properly because of a lack of stimulation. All this points to a strong connection between the development of the cerebellum and language skills.
The cerebellum / speech paper came from the journal Cerebellum and it is certainly one I will be keeping an eye on. It has many fascinating studies that point to the role of the cerebellum in dyslexia, ADHD and autism. Here are couple choice morsels.
In conclusion, the cerebellum seems to play an important role in many higher cognitive functions especially in learning.
And one for Kevin at Tick Tock Talk, the IQ and rhythm blog:
Timing of rhythmic movements in patients with cerebellar degeneration
…these results provide further evidence that the integrity of the cerebellum is especially important for event timing…